Pensioner Employment, Well-Being, and Gender: Lessons from Russia

Encouraging pensioner employment is one answer to the challenge of aging societies. Employment positively influences the subjective well-being (SWB) of working-age populations, but the implications for pensioners, including variance by gender and occupational class, are unclear.

Do People Work Longer When They Live Longer?

Our estimates show that a one-year increase in men’s life expectancy raises their labor force participation rate by 1 to 2 percent. The effect on female labor supply is smaller.